Planes, Trains, and Automobiles: Transportation in Italy

Of course the idea of an automobile can be dated all the way back to when the wheel was first invented; however, I am going to place you back to when major progress was made to the auto industry. The first automobile was built in France by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769. Not long after came the first automobile patent in the United States which was granted to Oliver Evans in 1789. Evan produced his first self-propelled automobile in 1805. Although self-propelled, this vehicle wasn't anything like how our vehicles work today. Finally, in 1870 an inventor by the name of Seigfried Marcus put an internal liquid fuel engine in a horse carriage which made him the first man to propel a vehicle by means of gasoline. As were finding out today this may have been our biggest mistake as a civilization due to global warming concerns. However, when directly eyeing the auto industry, this was necessary to jump start the idea that has effects each and every one of us everyday.

Karl Benz built his first automobile in 1885, was granted a patent in 1886, and began producing automobiles in 1888. Notice the last names if you are not familiar with the history of the auto industry. In 1889 Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach designed a vehicle from scratch rather than using a horse carriage fitted with an engine. By the 1900s, mass production on vehicles was under way in France and the United States. The first company formed to exclusively build cars was Panhard et Levassor in France. Next came the United States auto industry startup called Duryea Motor Wagon Company founded by brothers Charles and Frank Duryea.

Oldsmobile had a production line up and running in 1902 and would dominate this era of automobile production. By 1903, Cadillac, Winston and Ford were all producing cars in the thousands. A few years later in 1908 the Ford Model T was introduced and became the most widely produced and available car of the era. In 1910 the Mercer Raceabout debuted as the world's first sports car. Slightly over a decade later the Austin debuted and was the most widely copied vehicle ever and served as a template for cars around the world. Later in 1934 the Citroen Traction Avant was the first mass produced vehicle with front wheel drive. Finally, Oldsmobile introduced the first automatic transmission in 1940 and no longer than 10 years all automobile manufactures were offering the same technology. 1950 and 60's was when the auto industry had the ability to really focus on the wants rather than the needs of consumers. The classics we love to see are in prototypes. 1962 hits and the first super car was introduced as the Ferrari 250 GTO. 1964 sets a mark and Ford releases the Mustang that became the best selling and most collected car of its era. In 1977 Honda introduced the Accord and it went on to become the most popular car of 1990s. A huge win for Chrysler, their 1983 release of the minivans were introduced and pushed station wagons out of the market. Many of these vehicles lasted decades and many can still be found today. More recently, Toyota has recently surpassed General Motors in leading worldwide auto sales and now holds the number one selling brand in the world.

As for the future of vehicles, manufactures are moving towards hybrid and hydrogen automobiles. Hybrid automobiles use a mix of technologies such as combustion engines, electric motors, gasoline, and batteries. Normally, the vehicles run on batteries that are found in a pack in the vehicle, and once the battery is dead the gasoline kicks in. Hydrogen automobiles generally use the hydrogen in one of two methods; combustion or fuel-cell conversion. Hydrogen can be obtained through various methods utilizing natural gas or coal. One can almost say history repeats itself, simply with a different goal. As noted at the beginning of this article, a gasoline powered engine was a major jump start to the auto industry. Now we have most everything else we can want and need, and the main focus is finding the best way to power the vehicle again that can both be environmentally safe and cost effective. This is because fossil fuels have been the number one proven cause of global warming, the supply is inevitably going to diminish, and the price is definitely not going down.

You’re going to Italy! Hooray!
Okay, now wait a minute. How exactly are you
there, and when you arrive, how will you get around? If you think traveling in Italy is as easy as hopping in a rental car… well, it’s time to read this guide! Come with me as I walk you through Italy’s transportation system; it might be a little different from the way we do things in the US, but it’s not
Naturally, the first thing you’ll need to do is book your flight into Italy. You’ll discover almost immediately that there are very few direct flights into Italy. Most go through London, Paris, or another major European city. It’s annoying, but the split flight presents you with another option.
Instead of booking the entire flight at once, consider booking just the flight to London on a major airline. You can spend a night or two in the city (hooray!) or leave immediately, but you’d book the second leg of your flight on a European airline like Ryanair or Easyjet. These airlines have fantastic travel discounts for Italy and fly frequently into smaller airports, closer to your destination. You can also fly “open jaw:” into one airport and out of another. On a recent trip I flew from London into Parma, spent a week in Tuscany, and then made my way down the coast to fly out of Naples. Not all roads lead to Rome!
Be cautious of money traps, however. You may get cheap flights to Italy, but you could pay the difference in incidental costs like shuttling from one London airport to another – there are three! Many discount airlines also keep prices low by charging for checked baggage, so take a good look at their website before booking.
If, however, your time is more valuable than money, go with the simple one-booking flight.
The most convenient form of long-distance transportation in Italy is the train. If you’ll be visiting more than one location within the country, don’t try to drive or fly. You can get to most major and many minor destinations by train in one or two stops. Check timetables and buy tickets on
Be aware that this is a two-tier system. There is a base charge for the ticket itself, and then an optional additional charge for a seat reservation – available only on some particular trains. If you’re traveling in the middle of summer, or if you have a very specific schedule, I would recommend buying the reservation on top of the ticket. Otherwise, no reservation is necessary. Some routes don’t even have the option.
If you’ll be using the train for three days or more out of your trip, consider buying the Trenitalia Pass, which you can use as many times as you want for three days out of a given sixty-day period. (You can also add on travel days if you need more.) This pass acts like an unlimited ticket, but any reservations you make will still be at an extra cost.
The biggest question regarding transportation in Italy is no doubt “Should I rent a car?” Fortunately, 98% of travelers will find their answer in this one simple rule: If you’re staying in a city – do not rent a car!
Italian cities are very compact and pedestrian-friendly… which renders them almost impossible to navigate by car. Large portions of Rome and Florence are even off-limits to private transportation. Finding parking is also more trouble than it’s worth, so don’t even bother. If you’re basing your trip out of Florence, Rome, Venice (good luck with a car there!), or another major Italian city, renting a car is pointless. For day trips, use local busses, trains, and taxi services.
If, however, you are staying in the countryside or in a Tuscan hill town, the answer is yes, do rent a car! You’ll want one in these rural areas to get groceries and explore.
The one exception here is compact coastal areas like the Cinque Terre or the Amalfi Coast. These regions are composed of tiny towns connected by narrow, winding roads – a terrifying drive if you’re not highly experienced. Here you may want to use local busses and ferries to get from one town to the next.
The final mode of Italian transportation is the public bus. It’s possible to get schedules on the internet before you go, but frankly I wouldn’t try. The best way to handle Italian bus systems is to simply wing it. If you’re in a city or a coastal area, odds are there will be a stop nearby. Purchase your tickets ahead of time at local tobacco shops, then relax and have fun figuring out the schedule. Get friendly with locals waiting at the stop – odds are, even if the sign is totally unreadable, they can tell you which bus will get you where you want to go… even if the only Italian word you know is “Duomo!”
After all of these Italian transportation options, I thought I’d end by reminding you of the one form of transportation that never goes out of style: your own two feet! Whether you use a train, plane, or automobile to get to your destination in Italy, once you arrive there’s simply nothing like meandering around. Shop in an outdoor market… Admire ancient architecture… Stroll through town on a moonlit night… Italians are walkers, and they’ll inspire you to become one too.
When in Rome… travel as the Romans do!

Used Car Rental

If you are traveling on a business trip or to attend to an emergency of some kind, you may find yourselves in a bind when it comes to commuting from one place to another. This is also true for those who find their vehicles malfunctioning at an inappropriate time. Faced with conditions such as these, how would you get out of the bind you are in? Well, either you could at using public transport or consider an option to rent a car for a day. Public transport would definitely be the cheapest option available to you. However, if you are looking to reach places within a set time frame, you sure would not mind spending the extra dollar to hire a car.

There are a number of car hire agencies located in the city of your residence or the place you are required to visit. Hiring a car for a day can best be called as convenient as it leaves you in full control of your schedule. You do not have to any timing that are scheduled by public transport authorities, leaving you free to move around without any hassles. You will be required to complete certain formalities with the car hire company before you are able to drive away on your own.

Car hire agencies will request that you provide them with a copy of your driver's license and sign certain documents pertaining to the term of hire, rate charged, mileage etc. They will also require that you give them a credit or debit card mandate for any charges accumulated towards the car. The formalities, once completed will give you access to the car of your choice.

Car hire is not as expensive as it is thought to be. In fact, if you are planning a trip to a certain destination, you should be able to book a car well in advance. Your travel agent should be able to assist you in this matter. You would however do well by conducting some research online as you could possibly get better prices. Most car rental agencies have offers that are valid in certain months of the year. Others may have offers for a day as well. If the timing of your trip coincides with these offers, you could be in line for some savings on the rental charges.

Hiring a car at any time will not be a problem as long as you have the requisite documents. You must however when you rent a car for a day ensure that you drive the car carefully and return it in the condition it was given to you.

When you planned to rent a car, someone could have suggested you about Used Car Rental facility. As the name suggests Used Car Rental services allow their customers to rent used cars where as conventional companies offer their fleet of brand new cars for rent. Major difference between a used car rental agency and a conventional agency is the price factor. For example if you rent a midsize sedan for 30USD/Day from a conventional agency, some of your friend will find the same deal from a used car rental for 10 or 15USD/Day! Used car agencies also offer cars ranging from compacts to luxury sedans. You also get additional services such as GPS, 24 hour road assistance and other required insurance coverage for both car and the passengers.
Used Car Rental agencies prepare their fleet with quality used vehicles. Before renting them to customers, these agencies conduct thorough quality checks to ensure the engine condition, body welds, tyres, air conditioner etc are working well and is suitable for road use. There are less likely any chances to encounter troubles while you are behind the wheel of a rented used car. Most of the Used Car Rental agencies cater neighborhood consumer needs. They rent their used cars for customers on a long term basis or sometimes lease them for few months or years.
While they are famous among people looking for a reliable car for their everyday use, it is not restricted only to that kind of business. Even if you want to rent a luxury sedan or a convertible for a function or your holiday trip, used car rental agencies provide you with a model suiting your need at a very competitive price, often half of the brand new rental car’s price. If you can get your grip on a discount coupon, it is really going to be a hot deal.
We can conclude the pros of them are cheaper price yet quality service, modern technology for half of the original rental price etc. There are some cons too. If you are a man/mistress of style, you may not find the most recent version of your favorite SUV or convertible at a used car rental outlet. If you are exclusivity concerned, you may not find a right choice from used cars offered for rent. But that doesn’t mean that you can’t add style to your ride. You still can find some elegant machines which can stand alone in the crowd except that they may show their age.
But if you want to replace your wrecked or stolen car for a long term, check out with the nearest rental shop. They definitely will have something to offer with cheap rental plans or even cheaper leasing plans. Most of the used cars available for rent comes with a warranty. So you don’t have to worry about break downs during your long journeys. Even if something wrong goes, many major used car rental agencies have 24hour road assistance to ensure their customers are always happy.

Car Hire Excess Waiver – What Do I Need to Know?

A car hire is totally convenient during road trips or when you're touring around a new place. And with more car rental depots than you can count, you'll surely be able to get a car that you can afford to pay for and drive. But if you want to save on some money and make your travels much easier, take note of certain things before hiring a car.

First of all you should got through all the car hire options and rates. Of course you might think that the smaller the car, the cheaper the rate, and the better it is. But besides checking on the price, you should also check if the car is spacious enough, easy to drive, and how far or long you can drive it. If you're travelling with company on a road trip then you ought to get a bigger car with much space for travelling bags and with unlimited kilometers included. Although it will cost you a few more dollars, you are paying for the benefits and convenience. When choosing a car to rent, especially in a new place, get something that's quick to drive and maneuver. Considering how you're not familiar with the area and you only have a map to rely on, you'll surely being doing a lot of stops from time to time. So you should keep a small car in mind with auto transmission.

When you do a car hire and you're new in town it's also important to take note of designated toll gates and fees, especially when driving to beaches, nature parks, and other far-distant areas close to the city you're staying in. You may need a toll ticket when passing a gate. So if you have problems settling toll accounts you might be charged by your car rental depot as well as they will have to fix it for you. Right when you're about to do a car hire, inform the depot about your license and other fundamental data about you. Car rental depots in places like Australia, give out a surcharge for drivers below 25 years of age. Lastly, ask the depot to be clear about the total cost. Make sure there are no more fees that they might place without you knowing about it until the return date. And if you can get an all-inclusive deal instead so you can save up on some money.

It has to be admitted that ‘Car Hire Excess Waiver’ is a grim-sounding phrase that’s not likely to immediately ring a bell in most people’s minds. It is in fact a technical term used to describe an aspect of rental car insurance.
If the thought of reading about insurance has you reaching for the ‘NEXT’ button, you may want to pause. Car hire insurance can be expensive and you have ways of saving yourself a lot of money – so it may be worth reading on!
When you hire a car, the position with regards to what insurance is or is not included in the rental price will vary considerably. In some countries such as the UK, it is now fairly common to see some forms of basic insurance included in the rental price. In fact, by UK law, a hire car must come with at least unlimited third-party liability included (this is the form of insurance to cover claims from other people that you have injured them or their property with the rented car).
In the UK and many other European countries, if renting from a major rental company, the basic rental price may also include something called CDW (Collision Damage Waiver). This insurance covers damage done to the rented car.
In other countries, such as the USA, the basic rental price may include little if any insurance and the renter will need to purchase it separately from the rental company or from a specialist insurance provider – it’s worth remembering that the renter is not obliged to buy such insurance from the car rental company. In fact, the insurance sold by the car rental company will usually be several times more expensive than similar insurance purchased over the Internet from a direct provider.
If you have purchased or had ‘included in the price’ insurance from the rental company, you may find that the policy is subject to excess. The excess is what the rental company will call a mandatory contribution that you would have to make towards the cost of an accident. It is usually set somewhere between 500 and 1500 pounds. What this means is that if it is set to say 750 pounds and you subsequently have an accident resulting in 1500 pounds’ worth of damage, the rental company would debit your credit card for 750 pounds of it as ‘the excess’. If the damage cost were 400 pounds with 750 pounds excess, you would have to pay the entire 400 pounds.
If you don’t like the thought of this sort of risk, you can eliminate it with car hire excess waiver insurance. You can deal with this through the rental company. By paying them an additional amount of money they will reduce or eliminate (i.e. waive) the excess. Strictly speaking, car hire excess waiver purchased like this is not really insurance although the rental company may call it ‘top-up’ insurance. It is also likely to be very expensive and there are much cheaper ways of dealing with the excess.
If you’re looking for car hire excess waiver insurance, you can purchase a policy of this type from the direct insurance providers over the Internet. This insurance works simply and efficiently – if you have an accident and the car rental company charge excess to your credit card, you can claim this back from your specialist car hire insurance company.
These forms of directly purchased car hire excess waiver policies also offer numerous other advantages including the fact that they can be purchased on a daily or annual basis and cover any vehicle you rent during that period (subject to terms and conditions). It’s perhaps worth looking at further if you’re looking to save money.

How to Pick Out a Rental Car That Meets Your Needs

Unlike the conventional cars that make use of a single source of energy, a hybrid car runs on a combination of a battery and a fuel engine. However, these two sources are used alternatively by the car and are not merged with each other. Hybrid cars are gaining popularity because of their economical, social, and environmental benefits. But, these 'green cars' also have some disadvantages which should be kept in mind before considering them for a purchase.

Following are the 5 main drawbacks of a hybrid car:

1) The main shortcoming of a hybrid car that prevents it from gaining popularity with the masses is its high cost. It has also been estimated that the price of hybrid cars will increase over the years, inviting more troubles for the buyers. The fuel savings expected in a hybrid car are also believed to be a bit exaggerated, when compared to the total costs of purchasing and maintaining a hybrid car.

2) Another disadvantage is that the acceleration of most hybrid cars is not exhilarating. That is, they tend to accelerate at a slower speed when compared to the conventional gas-powered cars. To put in simple words, you would not be able to achieve the anticipated speed within the same time period in a hybrid car, than you would in cars that are powered only by gasoline. This feature of a hybrid car will certainly make you feel unsafe while driving as you would not be able to keep pace with the other normal cars on the road.

3) The third disadvantage of a hybrid car is the high cost of its batteries. Although the battery pack comes with an extended warranty, it needs to be replaced on completing 80,000 miles. Depending on the model of your car, this battery pack may cost you anything between $5,000 and $8,000. Therefore, if you are a frequent traveler, a hybrid car is definitely not a good choice for you.

4) In order to facilitate high speeds, hybrid cars are made using light-weight body materials and are kept small in size. Owing to their small size and light weight, they become more vulnerable to serious damage when involved in any accident, small or big.

5) As these cars are new and expensive, their stocks are limited and are not available in all parts of the country. Also, there are not many skilled hybrid car repair mechanics. So, you can imagine the kind of troubles you will have to face if you buy an expensive hybrid car from a place far away from your residence, and then, when required, get it repaired from a local unskilled repair mechanic!

Hybrid cars do have the above mentioned disadvantages, but that does not mean they are not worth buying at all. Just like any other new technology, hybrid cars also have their pros and cons. They are environment friendly and help in saving a lot of fuel. So, if you can really afford to buy and maintain a hybrid car, you should definitely go for it.

Choose your car before you arrive at your destination! That may sound obvious but many people leave their choice of vehicle until arrival at their destination – only to find that the suppliers don’t have any availability of suitable models! Pre-book your choice of car and avoid hassle.
When booking your hire car, think about what you want to do with it and how far you need to travel in it, how much baggage you’re taking and whether there are extras like pushchairs, wheelchairs or even golf clubs or skis! These factors should all be taken into account when choosing your rental vehicle.
You should, perhaps, use a car rental broker – this way you’ll get the choice of many, many end suppliers at the most competitive rates.
When getting quotes and booking, decide on what type of car your would like to rent for your trip. There are numerous choices:
(Ka, Clio, Corsa or similar)
Ideal if you are only one or two people. Small engine (1 – 1.2 litres normally) and very economical. Small cars will normally be manual transmission – with or without air conditioning. You should also have a choice of 2 or 4 doors and expect the car to hold two suitcases.
(Astra, Focus, Golf or similar)
Suitable for four (maybe five) persons.
Generally a choice of two and four doors and should hold four medium suitcases.
(Mondeo, Laguna, Passat or similar)
Good size for families (up to five adults), usually have four doors and room for plenty of luggage. Often available with automatic transmission at additional cost and (sometimes) in estate car versions. Engines are generally around 2 litres.
(Zafira, Galaxy or similar)
People carriers usually hold either five people or seven. They, generally, fall into the Intermediate category so have many of these features + a bit more space. The perfect family vehicle. However, beware of luggage space – there probably won’t be enough for seven people! Consider renting a roof rack (if available) or, if you are a biggish party, then consider renting an additional small car (for the luggage) – just for the days of pick up and return – the “main” car should be plenty for your holiday needs when you’re not dragging luggage around with you.
The quote engine on any good car rental broker’s website will show you details of the carrying capacity of the vehicles they offer and the various prices for 2 door, 4 door, hatchback and MPVs, etc. Please remember, though, that no suppliers can/will guarantee a particular make or model – they will, however, guarantee the “group” and if by any chance they “run short” they will usually upgrade you at no extra charge (argue with the desk for this if you need to!). and needs treatment.

Rental Car Coupons Available Online and in the Entertainment Books!

Once upon a time there, was an American Indian named Pontiac. He was known as an Ottawa leader who became famous during the American Indian struggle against the British military occupation of the Great Lakes region in the years 1763 to 1766.

Now the name Pontiac has become a brand for automobiles that is produced by General Motors and has been sold in Canada, Mexico, and the United States since 1926. It is marketed by General Motors as an athletic brand which specializes in mainstream performance vehicles.

The Pontiac story begins at a time were the car was seen as a middle-of-the-road reliable car that were more suited to middle income buyers of middle age. The young lucrative emerging performance oriented customer eluded the brand. Yes, they were reliable but Pontiac just could not shake off that dowdy image.

It was like that during the years 1946-1948, sales were growing alright but their cars, the Torpedoes and Streamliners, were quickly becoming out of step and out of date with the growing youth market.

Change had to come and it came with the introduction of the Chieftain which replaced the Torpedo. Then in 1954 the Star Chief was created. The Star Chief was Pontiac's prestige model. It was easily recognizable because of its chrome star trim along the sides. On episode 100 of I Love Lucy the characters drove to the West Coast on a 1955 Star Chief.

In 1957,the Star Chief Custom Bonneville was introduced as part of its push to raise the marque out of the doldrums. The Bonneville gained a full range of styles and received the lion's share of Pontiac's attention in the the marketplace

In 1958, the Star Chief was only limited to sedans and hardtops. Nearing its end the Star Chief was no longer Pontiac's prestige model but it still was a well appointed car.

Already in the early 1960's the model had become dated so in 1966, the car was renamed the Star Chief Executive as its first step to retiring the name. In 1967 the Star Chief name was dropped and was renamed the Executive. And so ends the story of the Pontiac Star Chief.

Yet we can still continue our own story. Now the Pontiac Star Chief still can be appreciated by renting the car at one of classic car rental dealers. Check on the Internet and find one that suits your needs.

The Pontiac Star Chief is one of the first cool cars of Pontiac, but it is now part of the history books. By renting it at one of the classic car rentals in Las Vegas, you can revive it and write your own history on the asphalt.

Make your own history.

You may have seen the little books called ‘Entertainment Books’. The coupon books that are full of restaurant and fast food coupons, along with a number of other things. Most people get the books for the coupons for restaurants, but they offer far more value than that!
Here’s how it works. You purchase the Entertainment book (either online or through a fundraising effort- many schools sell them as fundraising for school programs!). The cost is usually around $20, although if you purchase it through their website in midsummer, you can often get it for half price or only pay shipping (that’s when I get mine!) It’s full of coupons that you can rip out and use at participating locations. It’s a good idea to look before hand at the participating locations, to make sure you actually frequent those places, so you get the best bang for your buck.
Many hotels advertise and offer discounts though the Entertainment Book such Planet Hollywood, Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino in Las Vegas, Marriott, Red Roof Inn, Clarion, Days Inn, and many others!
Some of the best deals can be had by using car rental discounts and coupons from the Entertainment Book. These include: Enterprise, Alamo, Budget, Avis, National and Hertz.
You can save thousands of dollars by using your coupons. Often times you may receive rental car coupons in membership mailings as well! Another great place to find them is in local coupon mailers!
My grandparents recently traveled to another state to visit relatives. Using Coupons from the entertainment book I gave them, they saved over 65% on their car rental for a 2 week rental. Plus, they got a free upgrade to a larger car! So the next time you decide to plan a vacation, sign up for your Entertainment Coupon Book first, so you can save money at all the hotels, attractions, movies, sporting events and restaurants you plan on taking in while you travel. After all, the more money you save, the more fun you have!

What to Expect in a Car Rental Contract

When someone rents a car, the automobile rental companies hold the renter accountable under the rental agreement for damage to their car. They offer a Damage Waiver at an extra cost. This Damage Waiver is not insurance, but a contractual agreement between the renter and rental company. If a waiver is not purchased, it is important to review your own automobile policy to determine if any extension of coverage applies. Also, establish how the liability coverage afforded by your policy applies in the event you are at fault in an accident with the rented vehicle. In California, you are required to have auto insurance regardless of whether you are driving your own car or if you are renting one.

Rental car agencies do provide wide range of auto insurance coverage and it would not be prudent to blindly select rental car insurance as every policy offers its individual advantages under particular situations. You should examine each policy so offered and judge it against the requirements you have. It would be prudent to discuss the policy with the car rental agent, rather than just read the summary over the website.

Sometimes you are not required to purchase any car rental insurance because you are already covered by your car insurance. Usually, your coverage does remain the same with a rented car as it would if you would be driving your own vehicle. Also, you could be covered by auto insurance coverage under your credit cards. You should check with your credit card company about the coverage to which you are entitled.

Before you rent a vehicle, check the financial and insurance obligation you will face, and find out how these would be covered by your own auto insurance. In case you do need to exercise your insurance policy and realize that certain aspect is not currently covered, you should check if it would be covered under other insurance policies.

While each rental company will have its own contract, there are some standards that cover the basic areas of every car rental agreement. If the contract has anything different in it, the company is obligated to point this out to you, though it is still a good idea to look through any paperwork before signing it.
A car rental agreement is basically a contract between the lender of the car and the renter who will be using it. These usually favor the lender, but if you pay attention to the extras, you’ll be able to keep things pretty fair.
Standard Requirements from the Renter
Every car rental contract will require the presentation of a valid driver’s license. This is standard. Only drivers whose names are actually on the rental agreement can drive the vehicle . . . if someone else is driving and has an accident, you`ll be liable
for everything, even if you purchased insurance.
Age is another issue. While you can drive at 16, you can’t rent a car at this age. Most states require drivers to be 21 or older before they can legally sign a contract and rent a vehicle. This does vary somewhat, though and if you are traveling outside the country, you will want to find out what the standard age is.
Contract Sections Dealing with Potential Problems
There is always the risk that a vehicle will get dinged or even destroyed while in the renter’s hands. For this reason, there is usually an optional insurance that you can purchase at the same time as you rent. Many people actually have this covered under their usual auto insurance, so check this first, before buying extra insurance.
Any tickets, speeding, parking or otherwise, that are incurred during the lease of the vehicle will need to be paid by the renter. Any damage is usually fined, so it pays to take a walk around the vehicle and point out any damages that are already in existence. Be sure these are marked and signed on the contract so you have proof that they didn’t occur while you were driving.
There should also be well laid out consequences for things like returning the vehicle late or with an empty gas tank. Returning the car to a different location than where you rented it is something that often comes with a fee, as well. Be sure to read this part carefully, since you can save quite a bit of money by paying attention and making sure that you bring the vehicle back in
the proper condition.
Possible Restrictions of Use
Every contract will tell you how you can use the vehicle that you are renting. Most won’t allow you to cross a border or go off-roading. Some areas will have very specific rules, while others will depend on the type of vehicle that you are renting. Some companies will allow you to use only up to a certain number of kilometers or miles within the time period specified. If you go over this limit, you`ll end up paying premium prices. This makes it cheaper to stay in the area.
It’s important to always read through the
contract before you sign it, just in case there are any surprises. You won’t have any defense if you just don`t read it. Most rental forms are fairly short, so you don’t need to waste too much time checking it and learning about what your responsibilities are. This also prepares you for the possibility of problems, since you will already know how these are commonly dealt with. Car rentals are a great convenience and it helps to understand the contract.

Classic Car Rentals

When lifting a Jeep Cherokee, the pinion angle changes relative to the transfer case. The alignment must be within the limits of the universal joints to prevent driveline vibrations.

One method of adjusting the pinion angle is to use angled shims. These shims are placed between the spring and the spring perch to rotate the pinion to match the drive shaft.

When a Jeep is lifted three inches or more, the drive shaft angle exceeds the recommended limits for the universal joints. A common method to correct the alignment while retaining the stock drive shaft is to drop the transfer case one inch and use two degree shims or use angled lift blocks like the Rough Country Lift kit includes.

In order to eliminate the misalignment, a Slip Yoke Eliminator kit is often used on the rear of the transfer case. Several versions are available for the NP231 that replace the output shaft with a stronger, shorter shaft giving multiple advantages for one simple modification.

With a Slip Yoke Eliminator kit installed, the standard drive shaft is replaced with a double cardon type like the one used in the front of the Cherokee. In fact, if you have an automatic transmission, a stock front shaft can be used in the rear with a SYE conversion.

The double cardon type shaft however uses a very different alignment from the standard shaft. Quite a bit of axle rotation is needed to align the pinion.

In the standard configuration, the pinion and the transfer case are aligned to be parallel to each other. The idea is to have the same operating angle for both universal joints on the drive shaft.

The double cardon shaft uses a special joint with two universal joints at one end and a singe joint at the other end. The correct alignment is to have the drive shaft parallel to the pinion and the entire angle is made up in the two joints on the opposite end.

For a three inch lift, I found about 8 degrees of shim was needed. This Jeep was fitted with two degree blocks so adding six degrees of angle to the spring pack brought it into alignment.

To calculate the shims needed, you will have to use trigonometry. However it is not too bad using this simple method.

With the transfer case and axle in place, I mounted the drive shaft. The misalignment was immediately evident. I placed a straight edge along the bottom of the pinion and parallel to the pinion shaft. I then measured the distance from the drive shaft center to the top of the straight edge. In my case, I measured to a point 30 inches up the shaft and found it need to be raised three inches to make it line up.

Now divide the distance it is off by the distance up the shaft. In my case it was 3 divided by 30 or 0.1.

To convert this number to the angle, you need to take the arctangent of the number. This is easily done on a scientific calculator or even easier to do using Google. In my case I typed arctan(3/30) in degrees into the Google search line. Google returns this result: arctan(3 / 30) = 5.71059314 degrees. Round it to the nearest degree and try that shim. In my case a six degree shim was really close and worked fine.

To install the shim, you have two options. If you get a steel shim, you can weld it to the spring perch making it a permanent part of the axle. I chose to add it to the spring pack so that it can be easily changed if I want to add longer shackles or different lift blocks.

To install the shim in the spring pack, you will have to disassemble the spring pack. It is generally a good idea to replace the center pin and the shim kit came with new center pins. So you can just cut off the nuts from the center pins. They are often impossible to unbolt due to dirt and corrosion.

Begin by removing the U bolts that hold the axle to the spring. Separate the spring from the perch. Next, use two large C clamps to hold the spring pack together while you remove the center bolt.

Place the new bolt through the shim and then pass the bolt through the spring pack. Tighten the nut. Be sure the fat end of the shim is to the rear to rotate the pinion up for the Cherokee. Align the pin with the block or spring perch and press it back together with a floor jack under the axle. Cut off the excess bolt length on the center pin.

Reinstall the U bolts and tighten them to the proper torque. Give it a good whack with a hammer to make sure every thing seated right and recheck the torque. It is good to recheck the U bolts after the first run as they sometimes move around on the axle tube and loosen up.

Verify the alignment visually or with a straight edge. If it looks right, congratulations! Put the wheels back on and give it a test drive.

For any special occasion, nothing beats classic car rentals to give it the atmosphere you’ll always remember. These kind of cars are especially popular for wedding days, and there are a number of different vehicles you can choose from according to your taste or the style of your wedding.
If you’ve always had a dream wedding in mind, the traveling in style is probably part of that dream. Classic cars can give you the glamor you really want, as well as a fantasy feeling that you will never forget. However, if you want to make sure it goes exactly the way you want it then you should make sure to book in advance and secure the vehicle of your choice.
A perfect added extra to any rental company offering classic vehicles is to go with a chauffeur service. They will sort everything out for you to ensure a driver is there to pick you up on time, and to get you safely to your wedding venue. This is an experience in itself, with chauffeurs being the excellent hosts to make you feel extra special!
There are a number of vehicles available when it comes to classic car rentals. Try to think in advance about the kind of vehicles you’d love to travel in on your big day, then do some searching online to find a company that offers what you need. Price shouldn’t be the deciding factor here – you want a service that can really make your day special.

Economy Car Rentals – Value on Wheels

Couples dream of having the most exquisite wedding and most would even go through lengths just to make that eventful day perfect. That is why preparations usually require a lot of work and time. But for some who are in such a hurry to be married, they fly to Las Vegas. Why? Number one, procuring a marriage license is a hassle-free process in Vegas. Next, there are a lot of chapels which conveniently offer themed weddings. And lastly, couples wouldn't have to worry about transportation from the chapel to their preferred reception area for there are several luxury rental cars in Las Vegas. Couples can choose to ride in a luxurious limousine, a sporty Ferrari or Porsche, or even make a classy statement by using a vintage car. Classic rental companies offer a wide range of tribute versions of vintage rides such as the sleek 1934 Mercedes 500K or a 1934 Duesenberg. Of course, there are also several authentic rides such as the revered Rolls Royce Silver Cloud III and a 1954 Chevy Convertible. Now, who would dare not call that high-class?

Other than chapels, however, there are also several rustic and rugged outdoor wedding venues in the surrounding areas of Las Vegas that are sought after by the more adventurous couples. These venues include Mount Charleston, Valley of Fire Stat Park, Red Rock Canyon National Conservatory Area and even the Grand Canyon. Getting there and back to the comforts of the city in luxury and style never poses as a problem either, since there are also a number of companies of luxury rental cars in Las Vegas that would actually provide couples with the appropriate ride they need for this very special occasion.

Moreover, there is an endless array of colossal hotels in the Las Vegas Strip for couples to enjoy their honeymoon in. Las Vegas lives up to its title as the 'Entertainment Capital of the World' thus, the days and nights of newly weds will never turn sour in this dynamic city. And there is no other ride that can give newlyweds a pleasurable and elegant ride than the dependable luxury rental cars in Las Vegas. Or you can even drive up and down the Strip and all over Las Vegas in a tribute version or even an authentic vintage car. Classic rental companies actually give their clients the option to drive these excitingly classy vehicles by themselves. And for those couples who simply want to sit and relax and drink champagne in the car, classic rental companies in Vegas can provide them with eligible drivers who can expertly tour them around the bright and lively city.

You see, there are limitless possibilities in which couples can make their wedding exceptionally memorable. Whether they want to get married in a church or in the midst of nature's wondrous beauty, they can always do it with class and elegance riding in a luxury car or a classic rental in Las Vegas, NV: the city that never sleeps.

From time to time, regular people find themselves in need of an affordable rental car that they can use for a temporary situation. Maybe you’re interested in visiting your college friends at the beach during summer vacation.
Or maybe you’re assigned to a sales territory that’s far away from your home, and you need to be able to get yourself from meeting to appointment during your stay and you don’t want to have to depend on public transportation.
Whatever the reason, there are important that you keep some simple guidelines in mind when making economy car rentals.
The first thing to keep in mind when making economy car rentals is the actual meaning of economy rental. In the world of car rental companies, an economy car is usually small and very efficient on gas. These cars are intended for personal travel and are usually free of many of the electrically-taxing trapping of larger luxury cars.
If you want to be able to transport yourself and your passengers around without wasting gas or money, then you are looking for an economy car. If you are looking to live out the fantasy of owning a Ford Mustang or luxury SUV, you’re looking at a much more expensive rental situation.
There are several other benefits to economy car rentals as well, such as being able to save on gas money and insurance charges. Despite what many people may believe about economy cars, they don’t have to be slow or unpleasant to drive, and many are not simply small versions of larger sedans.
Some sporty economy cars include Toyota Corollas and Subaru Imprezas. The economy options that will be available to you will all depend on the size of the rental company’s fleet of cars and the dates that you make your reservation.
If you are interested in finding the best deals on economy car rentals, then you should start your research online, as the best deals can often be found on the websites of various car rental companies. In fact, some rental companies offer discounts just for making your reservation online, as it is much more convenient for the company.